Which of The Following Are Accountabilities in The Scrum Framework?

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Which of The Following Are Accountabilities in The Scrum Framework?

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September 25th, 2023

What Is Scrum?

It’s easy to learn and use Scrum. Adopting an iterative and incremental method helps people do their work better. Being empathetic leads to more openness, scrutiny, and flexibility. As soon as possible, it will show us problems and real progress and push us to make changes that will improve value creation.

In the 1990s, Ken Schwaber and Jeff Sutherland came up with Scrum. A lot of people around the world use it now, and that number is growing quickly. You can read the Scrum Guide to find out what Scrum means.

There are three Scrum Accountabilities, three Artifacts, three Commitments, and other ideals, rules, and suggestions that make up Scrum. These help shape how people relate to each other and work together to get the most out of difficult work.

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Scrum Accountabilities

The Scrum Team is the main organizational unit in Scrum. In every sprint, they are responsible for making a valuable and useful Increment. There are three Scrum Accountabilities in the Scrum Team:

  • Product Owner
  • Scrum Master
  • Developers

Scrum Teams work with people from different departments. They know how to make each sprint valuable because they have all the skills needed. They run their own business and decide who does what, when, and how.

Usually, 10 or fewer people are on a Scrum Team, so everyone can talk to each other better and get more done. A Scrum Team doesn’t have any sub-teams or sets of roles.

1. The Product Owner

The Product Owner of Scrum Accountabilities is responsible for ensuring that the product that the Scrum Team builds is as valuable as possible. Even if others help, they are responsible for managing the Product Backlog well.

The company needs to recognize, respect, and back the Product Owner to make Scrum work and get value to the right people quickly.

The person who owns the product is responsible for “what” is built.

2. Developers

Within each sprint, the Developer’s Scrum Accountabilities are committed to making any part of a useful Increment. They are responsible for the Sprint Backlog and the product’s technical grade.

Developers Scrum Accountabilities are all the people who work on making the product, regardless of their skills.

For “how” the thing is made, they are responsible.

3. The Scrum Master

Set up Scrum and help everyone in the organization and on the Scrum Accountabilities Team understand and use it. The Scrum Master is in charge of this.

It is up to the Scrum Accountabilities to ensure the Scrum Team works well. Facilitation, coaching, teaching, and guiding are some ways they help make delivery work well. They are in charge of delivery and also act as a helper, helping the Scrum Team get things done that are getting in the way.

Scrum Commitments

In Scrum, every artifact has a promise to it that makes it clear and helps the team stay on track:

  • The Product Backlog has the Product Goal
  • The Sprint Backlog has the Sprint Goal
  • The increment has the Definition of Done

1. Product Goal

The Product Goal tells the Scrum Team what the product should be like in the future. This can help them make plans.

The Scrum Team’s long-term goal is the Product Goal. They must reach (or give up) one goal before moving on to the next. The increment is a step toward a goal for the product.

2. Sprint Goal

The only goal for the sprint is the Sprint Goal. It talks about why the work in the Sprint Backlog is important.

The Sprint Planning event produces a Sprint Goal, part of the Sprint Backlog. There needs to be a Sprint Goal for every sprint. A good Sprint Goal gives you direction, comfort, and a reason to keep going.

3. Definition of Done

“Done” is an official word that describes the state of the increment when it meets the product’s quality standards. The definition of “Done” says that work is not part of an increment until it meets that definition.

10 Top Tips For Successful Scrum

To help you use Scrum well, here are my tips from The App Founders:

1. Complexity

It can be hard to get people to understand what complicated work is really like. It’s not possible to correctly plan or predict complicated work. This is the truth, and Scrum helps you deal with the effects of that. Some people won’t get this or agree with it.

2. Transparency

Scrum is a way to find problems. It won’t eliminate all your troubles but it will help you see what they are.

3. Scrum Is Your Safety Bumpers

Millions have tried and tested the rules over 30 years, so follow them. If someone else has been there before, trust them and avoid problems already being fixed.

4. Scrum Is Deliberately Incomplete

Scrum is purposely incomplete because there aren’t always easy ways to solve hard problems. You can use Scrum to find the best methods, tools, and techniques for your business.

5. Patience And Persevere

Scrum won’t fix everything right away. People need to be careful, patient, and persistent when trying to change where they work. Things may get worse first. Stop wanting to keep things the same. It’s all about change in Scrum and agile, even if it leads to disagreements.

6. Learn More

As a short introduction, this series is meant to interest you in learning more. You, your Scrum Team, and your company will need to learn more to use Scrum well. I’ll discuss the best ways to learn more about Scrum in the last part of our series.

Scrum Artifacts

Scrum’s “artifacts” are pieces of work or value that make things clear and allow for inspection and change. The things are:

  • Product Backlog
  • Sprint Backlog
  • Increment

Product Backlog

The Product Backlog is a clear, list-styled collection of known, useful tasks. It gives the Scrum Team all of their work. Product Backlog Items (PBIs) must be ready to go into a Sprint by the time they reach the top of the Product Backlog. This means that enough is known about them to make them ready.

Someone else may help the Product Owner handle the Product Backlog, but the Product Owner is responsible for it. Product Backlog may change if business needs, market factors, or technology change.

Sprint Backlog

The Sprint Backlog has the Sprint Goal (which tells you why), the Product Backlog items chosen for the sprint (which tells you what), and a plan for delivering the increment (which tells you how to do it).

It shows what work the developers think will be useful in the next increment and what they think will be important. It’s detailed enough that the Daily Scrum can check on progress. The Developers can change the Sprint Backlog as they learn how to best complete the job.

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There is a mass of work that can be checked out, used, and finished that supports empiricism. It comprises everything on the Product Backlog completed during a Sprint plus the progress made in each sprint before it.

Critical Factors Decoded


Scrum Elements Description Key Information
Scrum Accountabilities Product Owner: Manages the Product Backlog to ensure valuable product creation. Developers: Committed to creating a useful Increment. Scrum Master: Facilitates Scrum. Scrum Teams consist of these three accountabilities, working collectively without sub-teams or additional roles.
Scrum Commitments Product Goal: Defines the future product vision. Sprint Goal: Indicates the importance of Sprint Backlog work. Definition of Done: Determines the quality standard for increments. Each artifact within Scrum holds a commitment that guides the team’s focus and direction in achieving specific objectives.
Scrum Artifacts Product Backlog: A collection of known, valuable tasks. Sprint Backlog: Comprises selected Product Backlog items and a plan for the increment. Increment: Completed Product Backlog items. These artifacts provide clarity, allowing inspection and adaptation to enable progress within the Scrum framework.
Scrum Tips for Success 1. Complexity: Accept complex work and leverage Scrum. 2. Transparency: Scrum reveals issues. 3. Trust Scrum principles. 4. Embrace Scrum’s incompleteness. 5. Exercise patience and persistence. These tips offer insights into embracing Scrum’s principles, handling complexities, and encouraging patience in the process.
Scrum Origins and Benefits Scrum was devised by Ken Schwaber and Jeff Sutherland in the 1990s, fostering better work approaches through iterative and flexible methods. It offers tools to manage complex tasks more effectively. The methodology, developed over 30 years, continues to aid in problem-solving and improving work approaches for complex tasks.



To sum up, Ken Schwaber and Jeff Sutherland created Scrum, an agile structure that changes how projects are managed by being flexible and iterative. Product Owner, Developers, and Scrum Master are its three main roles, and they work together in self-managing teams. Key promises like the Product and Sprint Goal make things clearer and help people stay on track. 

For Scrum to work, you must believe in ideals like Courage, Focus, Commitment, and Openness. By following its rules and principles, organizations can successfully deal with complexity, develop new ideas, and get the most value out of a world that is always changing.

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